Thursday, 22 March 2012

Introduction Of Attock

Attock (formerly Campbellpur) is a city located in the northern border of the Punjab province of Pakistan and the headquarters of Attock District. In the 1901 census, Attock was reported to have had a population of 2866 people, a figure which has grown dramatically during the 20th century with 69,588 reported in the 1998 census and contemporary estimates approaching 100,000.
It is located on the bank of the Indus, just 80 km (50 mi) from Rawalpindi, 100 km (62 mi) from Peshawar, and 10 km (6 mi) from the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, Kamra.

Wednesday, 21 March 2012

History Of Attock

Gandhara was a historic region of ancient India (which corresponds to areas of north west Pakistan including Attock). Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Taxila and Peshawar as its chief cities. It was originally a province of the Persian Empire and was reached (327 B.C.) by Alexander the Great. The region passed to Chandragupta,founder of the Maurya empire, in the late 4th century B.C., and under Asoka was converted (mid-3d cent.) to Buddhism. It was part of Bactria from the late 3d cent. to the 1st cent. B.C. Under the Kushan dynasty (1st cent.–3d cent. A.D.), and especially under Kanishka, Gandhara developed a noted school of sculpture, consisting mainly of images of Buddha and relief’s representing scenes from Buddhist texts, but with marked Greco-Roman elements of style. The art form flourished in Gandhara until the 5th century, when the region was conquered by the Huns.
Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. In 1759-60, Maratha forces had captured the Fortress of Attock.
In 1758, the Marathas under Raghunathrao and Tukoji Rao Holkar captured Attock by defeating Durrani forces in the Battle of Attock, 1758.
The last Sikh Kingdom (1799–1849) under Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) captured Fortress of Attock in 1813 from the Afghan Kingdom (Attock then part of Afghanistan). Later Maharaja Ranjit Singh Sher-e-Panjab put Sardar Javala Singh Padhania in charge of the fortress of Attock which he, with a handful of troops, successfully guarded against Afghan onslaughts.
Then in 1849 Attock went to the British who created a district named it Campbellpur District. After 1947, the Pakistani Government renamed it as Attock in 1970s.
The city's foundations were laid in 1903, and it was named Campbellpur after Sir Colin Campbell. The city was established near Attock fort. That was major routes towards central Asia. The district was created in April 1904 by the merger of Talagang Tehsil in the Jhelum District with the Pindigheb, Fatehjang and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi District of the Punjab province of British India.
Attock's first oil well was drilled in Khaur in 1915. It has an oil and gas field Dakhini near Jand.
Although Pakistan had become independent from Britain in 1947, it wasn't until 1978 that the name Attock was adopted for the city.
During the partition of Punjab Province of British India, Attock District had a Muslim majority with minorities of Hindus and Sikhs.

Tuesday, 20 March 2012

Attock Name Story

Attock District original name was Attock it changes Campbellpur after the Briton Sir Colin Campbell who founded the city of Campbellpore. The name of the district was changed to Attock as of 1978 again. Attock city is the district headquarters.

Neighbours City

Attock District is bordered by the Haripur and Swabi districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the north, the district of Rawalpindi to the east, the district of Chakwal to the southeast, the district of Mianwali to the southwest, and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa's districts of Kohat and Nowshera to the west and northwest. The river Indus forms the western boundary of the district.

Geography and climate

Attock District has a climate of hot summers and cold winters. The northern part of the district is more humid and is more moderate in climate relative to the southern part of the district due to the higher altitude. Geographically, the district is mainly hills, plateaus and dissected plains. The Indus River flows on the northern and western borders of the district. After Haripur, the Haro River passes through the north of the tehsil of Attock where there is a flood plain with fertile soil. The District's average annual rainfall is 783 mm.


According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 1,274,935 of which 20.45% were urban, The estimated population in 2008 was 1.58 million.
According to the According to the Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930 ,Hindus made up 8.5% of the total population .
The city also had a significant Muhajir population. In fact, Attock city was dominated by the immigrants from India but gradually their population has dwindled and now they are a minority - mostly living in old quarters of Attock city. During the soviet war in Afghanistan a great number of afghan refugees came to Attock as it is closed to Peshawar, although many of these refugees have moved back to Afghanistan but still there is a considerable percentage of those who chose not to go back and have started their lives in Attock.


The district of Attock is administratively subdivided into six tehsils,

Fateh jang
Hassan Abdal
Pindi Gheb